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In October this year, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan had parliamentary elections. Sixteen parties participated, but many were disappointed with the voting results. According to the voting data, after manually counting 70% of the ballots, the majority of votes were won by the pro-government Birimdik party (26.38%) and the Mekenim Kyrgyzstan party (24.94%), associated with the Matraimov family - former and current high-ranking government officials. Three of the four parties that won seats in these elections were pro-government and, according to many in Kyrgyzstan, secured victory by buying votes and using public resources.

Less than a day after the announcement of the preliminary voting results, around 2,000 people took to the streets of Bishkek, including representatives from opposition parties to march against the result. The protesters shook the gates of the presidential and government residences, climbed the fence and threw stones at the building. During the protests, the former President of Kyrgyzstan, Almazbek Atambayev, who got detained last summer, was released from the GKNB detention center.

Later, the Central Election Commission of Kyrgyzstan declared the parliamentary elections invalid. The president of Kyrgyzstan, Sooronbai Jeenbekov, signed a decree on the resignation of Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov and the government. He also said that he agreed to a voluntary resignation, but only after the formation of a new government and stabilization of the situation in the country.

The Kyrgyz parliament lifted the state of emergency in Bishkek and accepted the resignation of President Jeenbekov. Sadyr Japarov became the acting president. Within three months after the resignation of Sooronbai Jeenbekov, a presidential election will be held.

The military announced that the situation in Bishkek is steady. However, the end of the protests did not end the political crisis.

Kyrgyzstan differs from other Central Asian countries precisely by the unpredictability of the political life. The citizens of Kyrgyzstan realized that it is in their power to change the government. There were two revolutions with many attempts to change the system and to make a parliamentary republic. But the standard of living has not increased; the socio-economic situation is still poor. All this has led to the discontent of the population. In such conditions, can one expect political stability?

Key Questions

  1. Is the former President Almazbek Atambayev involved in these demonstrations?

  2. Will the acting President Sadyr Japarov justify people's hopes for a bright future?

  3. What political future awaits Kyrgyzstan after so many revolutions?

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